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Yet Another Reason to Learn Linux – Linux Certifications

30.05.2016 (2:54 pm) – Filed under: Linux ::

There are four programs which offer certification for Linux Systems Administrators. These programs are offered by the Computing Technology Industry Association, the Linux Professional Institute, the Novell Corporation, and Red Hat, Inc. The first two are professional industry associations whose certification programs do not depend on any specific Linux distribution. Novell and Red Hat Linux certifications are closely associated with their popular Linux distributions. If you want to prepare for these two certifications you will definitely need access to their Linux version.

What do you have to do for Linux Certification? You must pass one or more extensive tests that demonstrate your prowess in dealing with the typical and some atypical problems faced by Linux systems administrators. We’ll take a closer look at the CompTIA Linux+” Certification, the one often recommended as the first certification for people new to Linux. This certification does not apply to any specific Linux version. The test is designed to validate the knowledge of individuals with a minimum of six to twelve months of practical Linux experience. According to the Computing Technology Industry Association, professionals achieving the CompTIA Linux+ certification can explain fundamental management of Linux systems from the command line, demonstrate knowledge of user administration, understand file permissions, software configurations, and management of Linux-based clients, server systems, and security. Many of these functions are available on Damn Small Linux.

The Linux+ certification is a basic, entry-level certification for Linux system administrators. It is intended for people with six-months experience installing, operating and maintaining Linux operating systems. To achieve Linux+ certification, candidates must pass the 98 question Linux+ exam which covers seven areas: Planning and Implementation; Installation; Configuration; Administration; System Maintenance; Troubleshooting; and Identify, Install and Maintain System Hardware. This multiple-choice exam costs about 2. It is a good starting point for people who want to continue with other Linux certifications including those from Novell and Red Hat.

Why would people start preparing Linux certification on a limited version of Linux? The answer is simple – certification is not to be taken lightly. Don’t make a major financial and time investment unless you know that you really want to be certified and that you possess the required skill set. You can easily find schools that promise you success in Linux certification and in any of their course offerings. But Linux certification may not be for you. Don’t make a major certification investment only to find that it wasn’t what you had in mind. Work your way through my tutorials including the suggestions for going further. Get your hands on several Linux books. I would start with books designed for learning Linux and for running Linux systems before working with Linux certification books.

Don’t be satisfied with running computer exercises in your mind, and nodding your head at the appropriate times. To succeed you must do the exercises on a computer running Linux. Since installation is a component of all Linux Certification exams don’t stint on installing several versions of Linux on your computer. An external USB hard drive is quite inexpensive. Try to make friends with someone who knows better than you how to do things. Ask a lot of questions. And good luck!

And while you’re working on your certifications take a look at some of Damn Small Linux’s other advantages in our final article in this series.

Linux Web Hosting: an open-source variation of the Unix Operating System

08.08.2011 (5:33 pm) – Filed under: Linux ::

Linux Hosting Services (sometime referred to as LAMP – Linux, Apache, MySQL & PHP) are suitable for webmasters who use Linux hosting features, for example Perl programming, PHP programming and MySQL database. Below you will find the most excellent Linux plans on the market, ranked by value for money, quality, and reliability.Website hosting Singapore allows building its web sites by using the Linux Operating System. Using this platform for web development gives companies the flexibility to take benefit of the best and most popular open-source technologies such as PHP, MySQL, Python, and XML. The Linux Website Hosting is an open-source distinction of the Unix Operating System.

Linux Web hosting and Unix Web Hosting are the mainly common budget hosting platforms used today. Linux web hosts and Linux web hosting companies are analogous to UNIX web hosts. The inexpensive hosting industry has allowed UNIX web hosts to provide enormous amounts of space in their web hosting plans with lots of installed features with UNIX and Linux hosting.If you need more power than the standard shared plans can offer, you should have a look at some dedicated Linux hosting instead.

These days the demand for Linux web hosting has increased significantly due to its remarkable benefits as cited below also its must for every online business ventures. Stability and durability:  Linux has the ability to run for several years without suffering from down time as compared to Windows because in terms of life-span and stability Linux is definitely the champion among all its competitors.Robust performance:  Using Linux Hosting customers are guaranteed of the most excellent quality of their technical support and customer service which is accessible to them 24/7 to ensure uninterrupted service to their customers all year long. Linux incorporates very well with most of the accessible hardware and programs because Linux have an array of hardware equipment’s which are configured to be used as backup during these emergencies.

Simplicity of Administration:  Another vast benefit of Linux web hosting is that it is very easy to be administered because a Linux server can easily manage remotely across multiple regions with the use of the internet or a phone line. This is going to be a benefit on cost saving front as no additional complicated tools or software requires being setup for the administration needs of a Linux web hosting.

Security:  At the highest points is the security uniqueness and control that we are confident of from the Linux web hosting due to the reason National Security Agency had released the “Secure Linux” which has been designed to protect against very high skillful attack.

Customization:  For it is very simple to be modified for customization Linux is highly flexible and Linux can be configured and setup with almost all types of hardware and software hosting generally the users have great level of flexibility to change the source code of the Linux hosting to provide the best optimum solution and results.

Cost:  Linux software and application packages are accessible with no cost because they are open source due to the reason developers are able to utilize and modified these applications and software as per how they wish to. This is an advantage compared to using Windows solution because Linux Developers have the capacity to get the complete development package of Linux server software for application development and enhancement without having to pay any charges for it this is the main reason that why Linux Hosting Services has become favorite for most web-users especially those who are savvy in computer systems and applications are because of its simplicity of customizations.

Linux and the GNU Project

20.03.2011 (9:24 am) – Filed under: Linux ::

Many computer users run a modified version of the GNU system every day, without realizing it. Through a peculiar turn of events, the version of GNU which is widely used today is often called “Linux”, and many of its users are not aware that it is basically the GNU system, developed by the GNU Project.

There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: the program in the system that allocates the machine’s resources to the other programs that you run. The kernel is an essential part of an operating system, but useless by itself; it can only function in the context of a complete operating system. Linux is normally used in combination with the GNU operating system: the whole system is basically GNU with Linux added, or GNU/Linux. All the so-called “Linux” distributions are really distributions of GNU/Linux.

Many users do not understand the difference between the kernel, which is Linux, and the whole system, which they also call “Linux”. The ambiguous use of the name doesn’t help people understand. These users often think that Linus Torvalds developed the whole operating system in 1991, with a bit of help.

Programmers generally know that Linux is a kernel. But since they have generally heard the whole system called “Linux” as well, they often envisage a history that would justify naming the whole system after the kernel. For example, many believe that once Linus Torvalds finished writing Linux, the kernel, its users looked around for other free software to go with it, and found that (for no particular reason) most everything necessary to make a Unix-like system was already available.

What they found was no accident—it was the not-quite-complete GNU system. The available free software added up to a complete system because the GNU Project had been working since 1984 to make one. In the The GNU Manifesto we set forth the goal of developing a free Unix-like system, called GNU. The Initial Announcement of the GNU Project also outlines some of the original plans for the GNU system. By the time Linux was started, GNU was almost finished.

Most free software projects have the goal of developing a particular program for a particular job. For example, Linus Torvalds set out to write a Unix-like kernel (Linux); Donald Knuth set out to write a text formatter (TeX); Bob Scheifler set out to develop a window system (the X Window System). It’s natural to measure the contribution of this kind of project by specific programs that came from the project.

If we tried to measure the GNU Project’s contribution in this way, what would we conclude? One CD-ROM vendor found that in their “Linux distribution”, GNU software was the largest single contingent, around 28% of the total source code, and this included some of the essential major components without which there could be no system. Linux itself was about 3%. (The proportions in 2008 are similar: in the “main” repository of gNewSense, Linux is 1.5% and GNU packages are 15%.) So if you were going to pick a name for the system based on who wrote the programs in the system, the most appropriate single choice would be “GNU”.

But that is not the deepest way to consider the question. The GNU Project was not, is not, a project to develop specific software packages. It was not a project to develop a C compiler, although we did that. It was not a project to develop a text editor, although we developed one. The GNU Project set out to develop a complete free Unix-like system: GNU.

Many people have made major contributions to the free software in the system, and they all deserve credit for their software. But the reason it is an integrated system—and not just a collection of useful programs—is because the GNU Project set out to make it one. We made a list of the programs needed to make a complete free system, and we systematically found, wrote, or found people to write everything on the list. We wrote essential but unexciting (1) components because you can’t have a system without them. Some of our system components, the programming tools, became popular on their own among programmers, but we wrote many components that are not tools (2). We even developed a chess game, GNU Chess, because a complete system needs games too.

By the early 90s we had put together the whole system aside from the kernel. We had also started a kernel, the GNU Hurd, which runs on top of Mach. Developing this kernel has been a lot harder than we expected; the GNU Hurd started working reliably in 2001, but it is a long way from being ready for people to use in general.

Fortunately, we didn’t have to wait for the Hurd, because of Linux. Once Torvalds wrote Linux, it fit into the last major gap in the GNU system. People could then combine Linux with the GNU system to make a complete free system: a Linux-based version of the GNU system; the GNU/Linux system, for short.

Making them work well together was not a trivial job. Some GNU components(3) needed substantial change to work with Linux. Integrating a complete system as a distribution that would work “out of the box” was a big job, too. It required addressing the issue of how to install and boot the system—a problem we had not tackled, because we hadn’t yet reached that point. Thus, the people who developed the various system distributions did a lot of essential work. But it was work that, in the nature of things, was surely going to be done by someone.

The GNU Project supports GNU/Linux systems as well as the GNU system. The FSF funded the rewriting of the Linux-related extensions to the GNU C library, so that now they are well integrated, and the newest GNU/Linux systems use the current library release with no changes. The FSF also funded an early stage of the development of Debian GNU/Linux.

Today there are many different variants of the GNU/Linux system (often called “distros”). Most of them include non-free software—their developers follow the philosophy associated with Linux rather than that of GNU. But there are also completely free GNU/Linux distros. The FSF supports computer facilities for two of these distributions, Ututo and gNewSense.

Making a free GNU/Linux distribution is not just a matter of eliminating various non-free programs. Nowadays, the usual version of Linux contains non-free programs too. These programs are intended to be loaded into I/O devices when the system starts, and they are included, as long series of numbers, in the “source code” of Linux. Thus, maintaining free GNU/Linux distributions now entails maintaining a free version of Linux too.

Whether you use GNU/Linux or not, please don’t confuse the public by using the name “Linux” ambiguously. Linux is the kernel, one of the essential major components of the system. The system as a whole is basically the GNU system, with Linux added. When you’re talking about this combination, please call it “GNU/Linux”.

 

 

GLUG NIT Jamshedpur

 

Linux Vs Bsd

29.07.2010 (8:31 am) – Filed under: Linux ::

What is a BSD Unix?

BSD family of Unix systems is based upon the source code of real Unix developed in Bell Labs, which was later purchased by the University of California – “Berkeley Software Distribution”. The contemporary BSD systems stand on the source code that was released in the beginning of 1990′s (Net/2 Lite and 386/BSD release).

BSD is behind the philosophy of TCP/IP networking and the Internet thereof; it is a developed Unix system with advanced features. Except for proprietary BSD/OS, the development of which was discontinued, there are currently four BSD systems available: FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD and Mac OS X, which is derived from FreeBSD. There are also various forks of these, like PC-BSD – a FreeBSD clone, or MirOS, an OpenBSD clone. The intention of such forks is to include various characteristics missing in the above BSD systems, on which these (forks), no matter how well they are designed, only strongly depend. PC-BSD, for example, has more graphical features than FreeBSD, but there are no substantial differences between these two. PC-BSD cannot breathe without FreeBSD; FreeBSD or OpenBSD are independent of one another.

What is Linux?

Albeit users like to use the term “Linux” for any Linux distro including its packages (Red Hat Linux, Mandrake Linux, etc.), for IT professionals Linux is only the kernel. Linux started in 1991, when its author, Linus Torvals, began his work on a free replacement of Minix. Developers of quite a few Linux system utilities used the source code from BSD, as both these systems started parallelly in about the same time (1992-1993) as Open Source.

Today, there are a few, if not many developers of their own kernels/operating systems (FreeDOS, Agnix, ReactOS, Inferno, etc.), but these guys simply missed the right train in the right hour. They did not lose anything except for the fact that they may be even better programmers, but without the public opinion acknowledging this at large. Linus built his fame also from work of many developers and he went on board in the right time. Linus deserves a credit as a software idea policy maker and he helped very much in this respect.

(Open)BSD vs Linux

It is often difficult to say what is better if you compare two things without regarding the purpose of their use. Mobile Internet may appear better for someone who travels often, but for people working at home such mobility is not necessary. In this view, it is a stupid question when someone asks: “What is better, a mobile or static Internet?” It all depends…

If you compare Linux and OpenBSD in their desktop environment features, Linux offers more applications than OpenBSD; but in a server solution BSD systems are known to be robust, more stable and secure, and without so many patches distributors release soon after their new version of Linux slithered to light.

BSD systems are based upon real Unix source code contrary to Linux, which was developed from scratch (kernel).

Differences between BSD and Linux

1) BSD license allows users/companies to modify a program’s source code and not to release changes to the public. In other words, BSD licenses allow commercial use and incorporation of a code into proprietary commercial products. This is how Microsoft incorporated BSD networking into their products and how Mac OS X earns money through muscles of FreeBSD.

Linux uses GPL license for most of the time (applications in Linux can also have a BSD license – or any license; it is up to developers how they decide). With a GPL-licensed program anybody can change the source code, but he or she MUST share it with the Open Source community to make sure that everybody will benefit from such a change.

2) BSD has the so-called “core system” (without packages). The core system consists of basic utilities (like ssh, fdisk, various commands like chmod or sysctl, manual pages, etc.) and anything beyond this is strictly seen as an add-on. Linux (not only the kernel, of course) is usually packaged as the whole system where this difference is not seen.

3) On BSD systems, all add-on packages are strictly installed into the /usr/local directory: documents to user/local/share/docs/application_name; themes and other things to /usr/local/share/application_name; binaries to /usr/local/bin/application_name. By application_name we mean a program’s name, so if you install IceWM, for example, its binary will be here: /usr/local/bin/icewm. With Linux, on the other hand, all applications get mostly installed into the /usr/bin directory.

4) BSD systems use the system of “ports”, which are fingerprints of applications in the /usr/ports directory, where a user may “cd” and execute a make command, which will download, via a directive contained in such a fingerprint’s code, the application’s source and the system will compile it as well. “Ports” are actually add-on packages for BSD systems and they are also packaged in packages repository of a concrete BSD system. They can be installed as binaries, too, with use of the “pkg_add” either directly from the Internet or locally. But “ports” have that advantage that if an author of any package makes a new version, a user can immediately get its newest/updated version. Packages released for a particular BSD version (like OpenBSD 4.1) are not updated and users have to wait for a new BSD release (like OpenBSD 4.2).

5) BSD systems have also their stable version. With FreeBSD, for example, you have a FreeBSD-Release (a version that can be used normally), FreeBSD-Stable (system more profoundly audited for bugs and security holes), and a development version – Current, which is not stable and not recommended for a regular use. Some Linux distributions started to imitate this philosophy, but with BSD systems this way of making distributions has become a rule.

6) Of course, the kernel is absolutely different.

7) BSD has FFS file system; it is the only file system on BSD’s contrary to Linux, where you can use dozens of file systems like ext2, ext3, ReiserFS, XFS, etc.


8) BSD systems divide their partitions internally. This means that after installing a BSD system to a hard disk, programs like fdisk, Partition Magic, Norton Ghost and many others will not see this internal division of a BSD (FFS) disk; thus, repartitioning of a disk is not such a pain when administrators require a rigorous partitioning (for /home, /tmp, /var, /etc directories). As a consequence, the naming convention also differs a little: a disk – /dev/ad0s3b in FreeBSD indicates that you deal with “slice” 3 (“s3″), which is the equivalent of Linux /dev/hda3; the internal “partition” has the name of a letter: “a”, “b”, “e”, etc. (“b” is a swap partition). BSD systems also use different naming conventions for devices (disks, etc.).

9) Unless you make a good kernel hack, BSD systems can only be installed into the primary partition. This is not the rule with Linux. However, as BSD systems offer the above-mentioned internal division of partitions, this is not any pain. PC architecture for disks (IDE) follows the rule that you can have only four primary partitions. We will illustrate this on Linux: /dev/hda1 (note: first partition on master disk on first IDE channel), /dev/hda2 (second partition), /dev/hda3 (third partition), /dev/hda4 (fourth partition). PC architecture allows creation of the so-called logical disk on a physical disk (/dev/hda5, /dev/hda6, etc.). You can have as many logical disks/partitions as you wish and you can also install Linux into these “logical disks”. On the other hand, installing a BSD OS into such a “logical partition” is not normally possible.

10) System configuration is manual for most of the time, but various clones like PC-BSD break this convention. The manual approach is a very good thing, as administrators have everything under control without being pushed to waste time in a labyrinth of bloated configuration menus. A good comparison is to imagine a car mechanic repairing the car’s engine covered by a thick blanket. To give you even a little better example – you will hardly find a Linux distro that does not have a default X startup (graphical environment). Of course, you can switch off the X environment during the installation configuration, but if you keep forgetting like me and forget to switch this off, or you have difficulties to find it in the menu somewhere, you realize that most Linux distributors do indeed impose on us only one approach – to put our fingers first on the thick blanket, then on the engine. If you are a good administrator, you do not usually trust vendors who program you how to use Linux – you are the boss and you must have your own freedom. However, in most cases you lose few hours instead by deactivating various services, which are, unfortunately, not even necessary but almost always activated by default. Linux is praised both for being a good desktop and server, but administrators of a good server do not need X. The more software is stored on your hard disk, the more security problems you will face, because it is impossible to audit every package in every unthinkable situation. Good and secure systems are always tight, light and simple.

11) All BSD systems have a Linux emulation support. Running BSD binaries on Linux is a little harder.

12) BSD systems have less support from driver vendors, thus they lag behind in this view (they are not worse, but many vendors support only Microsoft and Linux). With a BSD system you must carefully research the Internet for supported products/chipsets before purchasing any hardware.

13) BSD systems do not use the Unix System V “runlevel scripts” (initialization startup scripts) like Linux.

14) BSD kernels can be set to several security levels. This is also possible with Linux, but BSD’s have taken a very good care of this kernel-tuning feature, which makes it even impossible to change something in files in higher security levels – you cannot delete them.

15) BSD’s have everything under one ROOF. Various Linux programs are often not even compatible with other Linuces. For example, if you install a SuSE RPM package on Mandrake, it may not work. BSD’s have one solid crown of power. If you move from Linux to FreeBSD, you will soon find out that you got out of this chaos. Do you want a package? Just visit: http://www.freebsd.org/ports/ and download it. Unless its developer made some programming errors, it will always work.

16) Generally, BSD systems boot and reboot faster than Linux. Linux can do this, too, but it must be tuned. It is very surprising that Linux is shipped, on the one hand, on huge DVD’s and, on the other hand, it has a compressed kernel. BSD systems do not use (but they can) a default kernel that is compressed, thus the system boots always faster. As I mentioned earlier in this article, Linux vendors program users to use various, often unnecessary services. I do not need SAMBA (file and print services) and many other things as well. Linux reboot process takes longer because various services running on Linux need time for deactivation. Many Linux users do not even know what is the purpose of these services.

17) In comparison to BSD, most Linux distributions are overbloated. Few good users noticed this some time ago and a new trend in the Linux world started with ideas to get closer to a BSD-style use. One of such distributions is Gentoo Linux, but also Slackware Linux, which has preserved a very good shape since its first release (1993). The Gentoo “About” page (http://www.gentoo.org) says that, “Gentoo is a free operating system based on either Linux or FreeBSD…” Therefore, if you use Slackware or Gentoo, these Linuces will always reboot faster than any other Linux.

18) If you compile programs from ports, you will not stumble into compilation errors. BSD packagers prepare their packages carefully, so that users will always compile them successfully. This does not always happen with Linux.

Conclusion

I am the author of One Floppy CD Audio and MP3 Player, and a single floppy OpenBSD router. I really like all BSD systems. If you are interested, look into FreeBSD documentation, which is one of the best. It will give you a very good overview of history and hard work done in the development of these robust systems. Today, BSD Unices are the only quality alternative to Linux in the Open Source world.

Copyright (c) Juraj Sipos

Author’s website about FreeBSD and OpenBSD

Pros and Cons of Linux. is it Right for your Business?

12.05.2010 (2:16 pm) – Filed under: Linux ::

What is Linux?

Linux is an operating system, like Microsoft Windows, MacOS, or Unix. It was created as a hobby by Linus Torvalds, a student at the University of Helsinki in Finland. What most people don’t know about Linux is that its source code is available to anyone. The Linux source code is called the kernel and it is the base of the Linux operating system. Because the source code or kernel is free, it has enabled hundreds of companies and individuals to release their own operating systems based on the Linux system. These operating systems or formats are often referred to as Linux distributions.

Each distribution has its own set of features and functionality that makes it unique. While Linux is generally considered free-ware and people associate that with no cost, that is not always the case. Some distributions are available for download for free and others are available on CD or floppy disk and have a small charge associated with them. You can find a list of distributions at http://www.linux.org/ and a list of applications at http://www.Linux.org/apps/

Because if the adaptability of Linux it has been embraced and supported by a number of operating systems and software programs. For example, IBM, Hewlett-Packard and other giants of the computing world have embraced Linux and support its ongoing development and openoffice.org and Mozilla run on Linux. US retailing giant Wal-Mart began selling Linux systems back in 2002 – if Wal-Mart isn’t mainstream, nothing is.

What are the benefits of Linux?

Many people fear that Linux is going to be difficult to work with or that it will be difficult to find software that will run on Linux however Linux is a very standard operating system, compatible with just about any software you need.

Beyond being a standard operating system, Linux supports open source software which makes it a very economical operating system, especially if you program your own software. It offers many free or low cost applications which include, basic desktop applications like web browsers, email programs, word processing programs, spreadsheets, graphics programs, and file managers.

Linux can easily operate as a central server for your business. With Linux, you can serve your own web pages up for public consumption and handle your own email.

Linux doesn’t require top of the line hardware though many recommend you have at least 256 MB of RAM and at least 4 GB of space in your hard drive.

Linux is considered to be extremely stable and doesn’t need to be rebooted periodically to maintain performance levels. Think about the last time you sat at your computer and it froze. Not fun, right? That doesn’t happen with Linux if it is configured correctly.

Linux isn’t going to be replaced anytime soon and when bugs are found in the system, a developer are quickly on the job and often times a solution is offered within a matter of hours, not months or years like many other operating systems.

Linux is also fast and can handle a number of tasks at the same time.

Linux also claims to be one of the most secure operating systems isn’t plagued with the viruses that other operating systems generally deal with.

Linux is free from having to upgrade it or deal with proprietary file formats and licensing fees. You don’t have to register it due to its open source format.

You can have both Linux and windows on your computer. (You’ll have to partition them on your hard drive and you can only boot them one at a time.)

Drawbacks of Linux

There is no 1800 customer service number to call. However, most distributions offer a support number or email to call if you find a bug. They also generally come with installation instructions.

You cannot run applications for MS windows on Linux. However, there are Linux emulators or applications that enable you to run some windows applications on your Linux system. They operate like a translator. Some of these ‘translation or emulator’ products are free and others are available for a price.

Linux is not able to run some advanced financial applications or reproduce some proprietary multimedia formats.

Tips and Advice:

Choose a popular distribution has a large developer community. A large developer community means that you’ll find the programs that you need easily and you will be able to install them with the same ease. The more well-known distributions have prepared programs in ‘packages’ that are easy to install. On top of this, there are tools designed especially for a particular distribution to manage these packages to make sure that programs run correctly right away. The website Distrowatch.com maintains a comprehensive list of the most popular distributions.

Get the latest version of your chosen distribution. The newer the Linux distribution version, the better the hardware support. The number of glitches you’ll get in the installation process decreases with the newness of the version of Linux you choose.

Consider paying for your Linux distribution. It is true that you can get a full-featured Linux operating system free of charge by downloading it from any number of sources. This is an excellent alternative to an operating system like Windows, which either comes pre-loaded with a newly purchased computer (which gets figured into the cost), is bought separately or copied ‘illegally’. In most people’s experience, the popular Linux distributions are easy to install. However, if you do run into some glitch (normally hardware related), you may have a frustrating experience. Although there are a number of excellent Linux support forums out there, personalized advice on your particular problem may be hard to find.

Use an appropriate computer. if you want to use Linux to do the same things that you would with Windows XP or Mac OS X, then you’ll need the newest computer you can get your hands on. Avoiding ‘elite’ video cards and new, exotic hardware will also work in your favor because you won’t have to deal with hardware support which may be inferior to hardware support from other operating systems.

Bottom Line:

Linux is a fantastic and powerful operating system that can handle most or all of your operating needs. It is secure, fast, reliable, and generally extremely cost effective. When purchased or obtained through a reliable distributor and installed and configured correctly there are virtually no drawbacks to running Linux. Additionally, you don’t have to give up your windows if you don’t want to.

MemberSpeed Content Management software can run on any Linux Any Linux based Hosting Platform (Preferably RHEL 3 or above).

Linux Commands – Basics and Usage

07.02.2010 (6:23 pm) – Filed under: Linux ::

Linux Commands are virtually same from one Linux distribution or version to another. In such a way the original pros do Linux administration is to function at the Linux command line and execute Linux commands. It can be difficult for someone new to Linux to lean and understand, how to run a Linux command, in order to help them we here give some Linux tips to learn fast how to use Linux commands while working at the Linux command line prompt.

Basically there are 3 main parts for a Linux command, they are; one is the Linux command name, second is various options that can be used with a Linux command and the third is the “item(s)” that uses the Linux command to run “on”.

Now let’s go a bit detail. When you execute a Linux command, spaces are usually used between: the name of the Linux command, the command options and the item used to run the command. The mentioned “item” could be a file user, Linux directory, or may be some other Linux software components. As for example, you can run the Linux command known as rm (remove) “on” a Linux directory; this will remove the directory from the Linux file system. You type in the name of the command, and also any other parts of the command, like options, and press the Enter key to run a Linux command.

These are some Tips:  Linux commands are run at the prompt line of the Linux command and this prompt you can see as] # at the left of the command. Here you need not type in the prompt, but you type the Linux command usually at the right of the prompt.  Tips: The Linux command prompt can also appear as:] $ or even as another symbol, instead of # or $ .

Linux Command Syntax is usually very confusing. To put things more complexed, every command has slightly different Syntax. You need to know what switch or options are to be used to enter a command. This will help you to turn a common command into a much powerful tool.

It is generally felt that Linux distributions are increasing and decreasing in popularity all the time.  If you are able to learn how to use Linux by just running the GUI utilities in one simple distro, and then you can usually stop using that particular distro. There is a need to learn all the aspect of GUI utilities of the next following distro. If you are quick to learn how to use particular commands, then you can easily learn how to use usually Linux for all distros!

A new user always need to get Linux training in the first hand, one may be often confused to decide what to particularly focus on. It is better to join a computer training institution which provides an advanced course in Linux. Take the help of the instructors to understand the commands properly. If there is any doubts then clarify then and there itself. Do the practical training part in the institution and get well versed in it.

Linux Hosting Delhi | Linux Hosting Mumbai | Linux Hosting India | Linux Web Hosting India

10.06.2009 (1:08 pm) – Filed under: Linux ::

Linux Shared Hosting Service

Linux shared hosting is the cheapest web hosting services in delhi offered by most web hosting Delhi companies meaning that they are very popular and offered by most web hosting companies in delhi.  A Linux shared hosting package may often be referred to as a ‘cheap web hosting package’ due to the low cost associated with Linux shared hosting services; however, a low price doesn’t mean that you have to skimp on quality since Linux shared web hosting packages can also be very reliable when compared to Windows shared hosting in delhi, Mumbai around India.

cPanel hosting is one of the most popular forms of Linux shared hosting as cPanel is a cheap but easy to use web hosting control panel that is capable of meeting the requirements of most Linux web hosting providers in delhi and their web hosting clients from delhi, Mumbai and india; when searching for Linux shared hosting it may be a good idea to consider cPanel web hosting services over other Linux web hosting services as by choosing a cPanel web hosting package you can be sure that you will receive a reliable web hosting service for delhi, Mumbai and indian clients that can offer you a secure web hosting environment. Although a delhi based Linux shared hosting service may be cheap you will be provided with large resource assignments for the price; however, Linux is a popular platform among web hosting providers in delhi, Mumbai and around india who oversell their server resources meaning that you should make sure you only choose a delhi based web hosting provider who you can be sure isn’t overselling their servers since you want to receive good value for money and by using an overselling web hosting provider you won’t be as you will never be able to make full use of the resources that you have purchased to use.

Linux shared hosting is recommended for web developers who develop small websites using PHP and MySQL since such websites will perform at their best in a Linux web hosting environment; however, if your requirements are more complex then you may wish to consider Linux VPS server hosting or Linux dedicated server hosting. Getting Linux shared hosting services from delhiwebhostingindia.com is good for beginners since you are provided with a basic web hosting service that is more than likely to meet your expectations, but the main thing is that it will be easy to manage; a Linux shared hosting package should come with control panel access so that you can manage the different aspects of your web hosting service and by using a control panel you can make changes to your web hosting environment without damaging your web hosting account or the hosting server.

Advantages of getting Linux Shared Hosting service from delhiwebhostingindia.com

A Linux shared hosting service will be able to provide consumers who have a low budget with many advantages and the features provided with most Linux shared hosting packages help to make them represent good value for money. The main advantage of using a Linux shared hosting package is the cost of most Linux shared web hosting services, the good thing is that most Linux shared web hosting services are so cheap that more or less anyone can afford them and it is for this reason that some are branded as ‘cheap web hosting services’; however, you should make sure that you purchase your Linux shared hosting service from a reputable web hosting provider like delhiwebhostingindia.com so that you aren’t affected to any great extent by the disadvantages that there could be to using Linux shared hosting. Linux shared hosting services will also be much more secure than Windows shared hosting services and this can be a reassurance in any situation since it means that you won’t have to worry about the safety of the data that is stored in your web hosting account; when using certain applications including cPanel, web hosting providers are able to secure their Linux servers to a high level which results in a more secure web hosting environment for customers such as yourself. Linux shared web hosting services are also easy to manage, especially if you choose to go with a cPanel shared hosting service as you are provided with access to one of the web hosting industry’s most popular control panels, allowing you to manage your Linux shared hosting package properly; most web hosting providers only offer basic features with their Linux shared hosting services meaning that there is little to get confused about when managing a Linux shared hosting account. The main advantages of using a Linux shared hosting service include:

* Price – Linux shared hosting services are fairly low-cost and this will help you to save money if necessary since it means that you won’t have to pay a large amount of money to receive a web hosting service that will meet your requirements – Linux shared hosting services can represent fairly good value for money since for what you pay you will generally receive high assignments of disk space and bandwidth that you are probably never going to make the most of in any situation – although Linux shared hosting is going to be cheap, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s going to be nasty and so by using a reputable web hosting provider you will be able to ensure that you receive a good level of service for your cheap web hosting package

* Security – Linux shared hosting services are hosted in secure web hosting environments that have been designed to withstand even the strongest of attacks from hackers who wish to gain entry to the web hosting server – as more websites are now processing the personal details of those who visit them in one way or another, data security is a factor that people are starting to take more seriously in their web hosting service, even more so if the information that is being collected is then being stored in a database – most web hosting providers now secure their web hosting servers to PCI standards meaning that it is more or less impossible for a hacker to gain entry, and since PCI web hosting services are generally certified you can be sure that if you choose a web hosting provider with servers that are secured to PCI standards, your data is going to be safe

* Easy to manage – Linux shared hosting services, especially cPanel web hosting services, can be fairly simple to manage which is one of the main reasons for Linux shared hosting being so popular – as a Linux shared hosting package is usually the first form of web hosting that some people ever use it is important for Linux shared hosting packages to be easy to manage – however, some web hosting providers will still offer full support for their Linux shared hosting customers meaning that if you do face a problem or have a query then your web hosting provider’s support team will be able to work with you when it comes to finding a solution meaning that you will never be left in the dark, but for this to be effective you should choose a web hosting provider that can offer 24×7 support.

At delhi web hosting india our aim is to provide everything for your business online, from domain name registration to every type of web hosting and design. Our web hosting delhi service also provide cloud hosting, virtual private server (vps) hosting, dedicated web hosting, managed web hosting, window hosting, linux hosting, mac hosting, business hosting, email hosting, ecommerce hosting solution.

We offer the reliability and scalability of big business solutions at a small business price, taking the burden of IT development, brand building and support off of your shoulders and
onto our own, giving you the freedom to focus on what you do best innovating and improving your core business functions.